Grosvenor Gardens Healthcare

Ovarian Cysts

Ovarian Cysts: Symptoms and Causes

Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs or pockets that develop on or within an ovary. These cysts are quite common and can occur at any age, but they are most prevalent during the childbearing years. 

Understanding Ovarian Cysts

Fibroids are non-cancerous growths that develop in or around the uterus. Although often asymptomatic, they can cause symptoms such as heavy menstrual bleeding, abdominal pain, and pressure on other organs, which may affect fertility and daily activities. The exact cause of fibroids is unknown, but they are thought to be influenced by hormonal and genetic factors.

Symptoms of Ovarian Cysts

Most ovarian cysts are asymptomatic and resolve on their own. However, if an ovarian cyst becomes large, it can lead to:

  • Pelvic Pain: This pain may be intermittent and can manifest as a dull ache or sharp discomfort in the lower abdomen, typically on one side.
  • Abdominal Fullness: A sensation of pressure, fullness, or heaviness in the abdomen.
  • Bloating: Swelling or a feeling of tightness in the abdomen.

Our Diagnostic Approach

Effective management of ovarian cysts begins with an accurate diagnosis. At Grosvenor Gardens Healthcare, we use a combination of methods to diagnose and assess the nature of the cysts:

  • Ultrasound Scanning: This is the primary diagnostic tool used to visualise the size, shape, and location of cysts.
  • Blood Tests: Certain blood tests, like the CA-125, can help differentiate between benign and potentially malignant cysts, particularly in postmenopausal women.
  • Further Evaluation: Depending on the results, additional imaging tests such as MRI may be recommended to further assess the cysts.
Ovarian Cysts symptoms

Dr Berrin Tezcan – FRCOG, MSc, MD

CEO and Founder, Consultant Obstetrician Gynaecologist & Fetal Medicine Specialist

Treatment Options

Our treatment approach for ovarian cysts is tailored to the individual’s symptoms, the type and size of the cysts, and their impact on the patient’s life:

  • Watchful Waiting: Many cysts are monitored over time, as they can disappear naturally.
  • Medication: Hormonal treatments may be prescribed to regulate the menstrual cycle and prevent the development of new cysts.
  • Surgical Options: For cysts that are large, persistent, or causing symptoms, surgical interventions such as laparoscopy or laparotomy may be required. We focus on minimally invasive procedures to reduce recovery time and preserve fertility whenever possible.

What to Expect from Your Treatment

Our goal is to manage your condition effectively while minimising discomfort and disruption to your life:

  • Personalised Care Plans: Each treatment plan is designed around your specific health needs and life circumstances.
  • Ongoing Monitoring: Regular follow-ups to assess the effectiveness of the treatment and make adjustments as necessary.
  • Expert Support: Our team provides empathetic and informed support throughout your treatment journey.